Na

From The Languages of David J. Peterson
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Trigedasleng

Etymology 1

From English gonna.

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /nə/

Particle

na

  1. (auxiliary) will, going to (future tense)
    Bilaik hazod hir na teik oso daun taim oso speis au gon daun.
    There are threats here that will defeat us if we fail to remember that.
    -Sheidheda (The 100, Episode 706)

Etymology 2

From English can.

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /nə/

Particle

na

  1. (auxiliary) can, be able to
    Non sef em ge sad in kom keryon na hed op.
    None but the one chosen by the spirit can rule.
    -Aden (The 100, Episode 304)

Creation and Usage Notes

The idea here is the reduced form of "can" kind of merged with what was left of the future auxiliary. The future auxiliary form is obvious enough, and there was kind of an epenthetic schwa with the "can" form—and the forms were similar enough that they simply merged. It's actually worked out quite well!

-David J. Peterson 18:33, 10 September 2020 (PDT)

Etymology 3

From English to.

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /nə/

Particle

na

  1. (connective particle) to, in order to
    Taim kom bilaik em keryon ste odon kom graun-de en ste ogud na gyon klin.
    Only when their spirit is done upon the earth and ready to be passed on.
    -Aden (The 100, Episode 304)

Creation and Usage Notes

Now the connective particle comes from the same thing the "na" part of "gonna" comes from, except it extends to other situations, e.g. "I'm writing to tell you" becomes "I'm writing 'a tell you". It's common enough in speech, but with everything else, it simply merged into one polyfunctional particle.

-David J. Peterson 18:33, 10 September 2020 (PDT)

Yulish

Etymology

The etymology of this word comes from an invisible proto-language. If you're confident you know the etymology, feel free to add it, but reader beware should the etymology be added by someone other than the creator of the language!

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /ˈna/

Preposition

na

  1. (comitative) with (co-occurs with a noun in the objective)
  2. (topical) with respect to, regarding, concerning (co-occurs with a noun in the objective)
Derived Terms