Appendix:Noalath pronunciation

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The Noalath language has 23 consonants, 11 vowels with two lengths and 1 glide.

Standard Romanization

Letter IPA English example Notes
a ɑ/ǝ father or sofa [ɑ] occurs in stressed syllables; [ǝ] elsewhere.
b b bog
ch chop
d d dog
dh ð then
e ɛ bet
f f food
g g good
h h ham
i i/ɪ beet or bit [i] occurs in stressed syllables; [ɪ] elsewhere.
j jet
k k skill
l l left
m m man
n n no
ng ŋ sing Can occur word-initially.
ny ɲ New York (certain pronunciations) Like Spanish ñ.
o ɔ caughtt Lower than regular [o].
ö œ Like e pronounced with rounded lips.
p p span
r ɾ battle
s s see
sh ʃ sheep
t t stop
th θ think
u u rude or good [u] occurs in stressed syllables; [ʊ] elsewhere.
ü y - [y] (like [i] with rounded lips) occurs in stressed syllables; [ʏ] (like [ɪ] with rounded lips) elsewhere.
v v voice
y j yawn
zh ʒ casual


Noalath has a number of vowels with tense-lax pairings that should be familiar to English speakers. It also features consonant mutations resulting in word-initial [ŋ]. It's also got a couple front rounded vowels.


Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m [m] n [n] ny [ɲ] ng [ŋ]
Plosive voiceless p [p] t [t] ch [tʃ] k [k]
voiced b [b] d [d] j [dʒ] g [g]
Fricative voiceless f [f] th [θ] s [s] sh [ʃ] h [h]
voiced v [v] dh [ð] zh [ʒ]
Lateral l [l]
Approximants r [ɾ] y [j]


Noalath has 11 phonetically distinct vowels:

Front Central Back
Close i [i~ɪ], ü [y~ʏ] u [u~ʊ]
Mid e [ɛ], ö [œ] a [ǝ] o [ɔ]
Open a [ɑ]


Noalath has four diphthongs: ai, oa, öa and ea.